Orthodontics is an area of dentistry which deals particularly with the diagnosis, treatment, and correction of misaligned bite patterns and malpositioned jaws and teeth. It also focuses on modifying the growth of the jaw, also called dentofacial orthodontics. Most orthodontists perform these procedures using a combination of various methods; however, one of the most common techniques used today involves the use of the LASIK procedure, or laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis. This surgical procedure corrects tooth misalignment that occurs due to several factors such as disease, aging, injury, malformation, or folds of the jaw. Orthodontics also incorporates a form of prevention through education, such as regular dental visits and professional services provided at a clinic, check this link right here now.
Orthodontics professionals commonly use a variety of orthodontic headgear, which are specifically designed for various needs. The orthodontic headgear helps to align the teeth and jaw in a natural way, thus, helping to straighten the face. One type of headgear that orthodontists commonly use includes retainers. Retainers are specially designed pieces of headgear which are worn under a mask to maintain the alignment between the teeth, the gums, the face, the neck, and the bones. These devices are not recommended for children.
Orthodontics professionals have to complete a minimum of two years of specialized study from an accredited program. After this period of study, you will be required to pass a final oral exam conducted by the American Academy of Orthodontics before you can legally obtain a dental degree. The degree offered by an orthodontics program is an associates or bachelors degree. Most colleges require students to complete one year of general dentistry before they can become certified to practice. Students can choose to pursue two years of orthodontics or to pursue a full year of dental study. A dentist can work either in the field of orthodontics in a general sense, or in a specialized way.