The distinction between standard massage therapies and manual lymph drainage techniques is that normal massage therapy strokes are applied with a little more pressure than manual lymph drainage therapy strokes. Petrissage, effleurage, tapotement, vibration, and friction are the basic strokes used in traditional massage therapy. Do you want to learn more? Visit Medizinische Massage Zuerich.
It’s worth noting that the results of massage strokes aren’t limited to suprafascial tissues like the scalp. Subfascial areas are also affected by these strokes. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments are subfascial tissues.
Massage strokes can increase local arterial blood flow while also allowing for venous and lymphatic return. Subcutaneous adhesions may also be loosened with regular massage strokes.
Edema is mentioned in several massage therapy publications as one of the indications for these techniques. This is a right statement, but it may be misleading if the distinction between edoema and lymphedema is not established or clarified.
Edema is a condition that affects the suprafascial tissues and may be caused by a variety of issues such as inflammation or poor venous return. Valvular insufficiency, breastfeeding, and excessive sitting and/or standing are all examples of impaired venous return.
The lymphatic system is overworked but not damaged in edoema. Water accumulates in the tissues as a result of this. Dynamic insufficiency is the term for this disease.
Massage therapy can support some types of edoema while being contraindicated in others. This is why, in patients with edoema, regular massage therapy should not be used without first consulting a physician.
Lymphedema, on the other hand, is often caused by mechanical insufficiency of the lymphatic system, which results in the accumulation of water and protein in tissues. The lymphatic system’s transport ability falls below the necessary physiological amount of water and protein load when it becomes mechanically inadequate. As a result, the system is unable to react appropriately to an increase in lymphatic load.
Massage therapy has a number of harmful effects on lymphedema. As previously mentioned, massage strokes typically result in an increase in arterial blood flow (also known as active hyperemia) in skin areas where standard massage techniques are used. An rise in blood capillary pressure accompanies this active hyperemia. As a result, the amount of water ultrafiltered in the blood capillaries increases. More water accumulates in the interstitial spaces as a result of this process. Since the lymphatic system is mechanically insufficient, it is unable to handle the added water load, resulting in increased swelling.